Here we are going to establish a basic understanding of who the “HOLY SPIRIT” is and what He does. First, we need to remark that the Holy Spirit is not just a power or an influence, He is a unique personality of the Trinity.
Holy Spirit is also known by different names, which includes the “Spirit of God”, the “Spirit of truth”. Jesus referred to Him in John 14:16-17, 15:26, as “another Comforter”, and the “Helper”.
The Holy Spirit, the Helper, and the Comforter equip every believer and the church at large with various gifts from God the father. For it is impossible to live a truly Christian life without the Holy Spirit.
THE PERSON OF THE HOLY SPIRIT:
1. Holy Spirit Is Called God By Name
The main reason we believe the Holy Spirit to be God is that the Scripture clearly declares it. In Isaiah 61:1, Prophet Isaiah says that the Spirit of the Lord God was upon him.
Genesis 1:2 also confirmed it, when it said that the earth was without form and void, and darkness was on the face of the deep. And that the Spirit of God was hovering over the face of the waters.
And Peter said to Ananias, why has Satan filled your heart to lie to the Holy Spirit and to keep back part of the price of the land for yourself? Know you have not lied to men but to God (Acts 5:3-4).
Apostle Peter made it clear to Ananias that he did not lie to man, but to God. Because the person He lied to is the Holy Spirit. The conclusion is evident that the Holy Spirit is God.
2. He Is Equal To The Father And The Son
Holy Spirit is treated on an equal basis with God the Father and God the Son. He has the characteristics of God and He also does the work of God the Father and the son.
Holy Spirit is not only called God; He is also associated on an equal basis with the two other members of the Godhead, the Father and the Son.
Jesus said in Matthew 28:19: Go therefore and make disciples of all the nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit.
Apostle Paul wrote in 2 Corinthians 13:14, may the grace of the Lord Jesus Christ, and the love of God, and the communion of the Holy Spirit be with you all.
Holy Spirit is connected by association to the other members of the Godhead. This provides further testimony that they are of the same nature, for neither man nor angel is ever associated on the same level as God.
Because God the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit are one. All the divine qualities and attributes ascribed to the Father and the Son are equally ascribed to the Holy Spirit.
Immediately one becomes born again by believing and receiving Jesus Christ as his personal Lord and Saviour. God steps in and resides in that person through the power of the Holy Spirit.
Holy Spirit has intellect, emotion, and will to be in every believer. The primary role of the Holy Spirit in a man’s life is to bear witness of Jesus Christ. And to empower Christians to perform ministerial duties.
Holy Spirit also acts as a Christian teacher, who reveals God’s will and truth to every Christian. He tells people’s hearts and consciences about the truth of Jesus Christ.
Jesus told His disciples that when the Helper, the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in My name comes. He will teach you all things, and also bring to your remembrance all that I have said to you.
The Holy Spirit was given to believers in order to produce God’s character in their lives. In a way that they cannot do things on their own but with the help of the Holy Spirit.
Holy Spirit produces love, joy, peace, patience, kindness, faithfulness, gentleness, self-control, etc into our lives and soul. God asks us to walk in the Spirit in other to produce these qualities in our lives.
Some Of The Biblical Attributes Of The Holy Spirit:
1. He Is The Third Person Of Trinity
Holy Spirit is the Third Person of the Trinity, He is a different person from God the Father and God the Son. There is only one true and eternal God, the Creator and saviour of the whole universe.
Within the nature of this one and true God are three eternal persons that work in three diverse ways. God the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit, these three persons are the one, God.
This is based on what the Scripture says concerning the nature of God. Joel 2:28 It will come to pass after this when I will pour out My Spirit on all mankind.
2. He Is The Agent Of Creation
Holy Spirit is an agent not only of creation but also of God’s new creation. He is the author of the new birth in Christ Jesus. This can be confirmed in John 3, in an encounter between Jesus and Nicodemus.
In verse 5 Jesus said to him, Truly, truly, I say to you, except one is born of water and the Spirit, he cannot enter the kingdom of God. This truth, however, worked out in the rest of the Scriptures.
3. Holy Spirit Is All-Knowing
1 Corinthians 2:10-11, said that God revealed things to us through His Spirit. For the Spirit searches all things, not in other to know them, for He knows all things.
For what man knows and understands are the things that pass through his thought. So no man can of a man except for the spirit of man which is in him?
Even so, no one knows or can understand the things of God without the help of the Spirit of God. He alone was given the power and authority to reveal the spiritual things of God to man.
4. He Performs The Work Of God
The Holy Spirit does certain works that only God can do. For example, Genesis 1:2, 1:26 recorded that the Holy Spirit was involved in the creation of the universe.
Job 33:4 said that the Spirit of God has made me, and the breath of the Almighty gives me life. Making it clear that the Holy Spirit was also involved in the creation of life.
5. He Inspired The Written Of The Bible
The Holy Spirit is the ultimate source and the author of the books of the Bible. According to 2 Timothy 3:16, which said that all Scripture is breathed out and given by God’s inspiration.
No prophecy of the Scripture is of any private or individual interpretation. For, no prophecy had ever come by the will of man, but holy men of God spoke as they were moved by the Holy Spirit 2 Peter 1:20-21.
6. His Role In The Life Of Christ On Earth
Luke 1:35, And the angel replied to Mary saying, the Holy Spirit will come upon you, and the power of the Highest will overshadow you.
Also, in Luke 4:14, the Bible reveals that it was the Holy Spirit who guided Jesus during His earthly life, and was instrumental in His resurrection.
7. The Titles Of The Deity Of The Holy Spirit
Because of the nature of the Holy Spirit, He is characterized by a number of titles that established His deity. They include:
- The Spirit John 3:6-8.
- The Spirit of Christ Romans 8:9.
- The Holy Spirit Luke 11:13.
- The Spirit of God 1 Corinthians 3:16.
- The Spirit of the Lord God Isaiah 61:1.
- The Eternal Spirit Hebrews 9:14.
- The Spirit of the Living God 2 Corinthians 3:3.
- The Spirit of the Father Matthew 10:20.
- The Holy Spirit of God Ephesians 4:30.
- The Spirit of Jesus Christ Philippians 1:19.
- The Spirit of His Son Galatians 4:6. etc.
These attributes and titles we stated here established the fact that the Holy Spirit is God Himself. For, these names can only be ascribed to one who is the same as God or one who is God.